STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF HERDSMEN-FARMERS’ CONFLICTS: A SUSTAINABLE STEP TOWARDS THE RESOLUTION OF FULANI HERDSMEN VERSUS FARMERS’ CONFLICT IN BENUE STATE, NIGERIA
Ogwola & Salifu
Published in 2020; Volume:XXI No: 1 Article Number: 5

Abstract

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom:0cm;margin-bottom:.0001pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span lang="EN-US">Abstract<o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal"><v:line id="Straight_x0020_Connector_x0020_10" o:spid="_x0000_s1026" style="position:absolute;left:0;text-align:left;z-index:251657728; visibility:visible;mso-wrap-style:square;mso-width-percent:0; mso-height-percent:0;mso-wrap-distance-left:9pt;mso-wrap-distance-top:0; mso-wrap-distance-right:9pt;mso-wrap-distance-bottom:0; mso-position-horizontal:absolute;mso-position-horizontal-relative:text; mso-position-vertical:absolute;mso-position-vertical-relative:text; mso-width-percent:0;mso-height-percent:0;mso-width-relative:page; mso-height-relative:margin" from="-.75pt,133.7pt" to="450.75pt,133.7pt" o:gfxdata="UEsDBBQABgAIAAAAIQC75UiUBQEAAB4CAAATAAAAW0NvbnRlbnRfVHlwZXNdLnhtbKSRvU7DMBSF dyTewfKKEqcMCKEmHfgZgaE8wMW+SSwc27JvS/v23KTJgkoXFsu+P+c7Ol5vDoMTe0zZBl/LVVlJ gV4HY31Xy4/tS3EvRSbwBlzwWMsjZrlprq/W22PELHjb51r2RPFBqax7HCCXIaLnThvSAMTP1KkI +gs6VLdVdad08ISeCho1ZLN+whZ2jsTzgcsnJwldluLxNDiyagkxOquB2Knae/OLUsyEkjenmdzb mG/YhlRnCWPnb8C898bRJGtQvEOiVxjYhtLOxs8AySiT4JuDystlVV4WPeM6tK3VaILeDZxIOSsu ti/jidNGNZ3/J08yC1dNv9v8AAAA//8DAFBLAwQUAAYACAAAACEArTA/8cEAAAAyAQAACwAAAF9y ZWxzLy5yZWxzhI/NCsIwEITvgu8Q9m7TehCRpr2I4FX0AdZk2wbbJGTj39ubi6AgeJtl2G9m6vYx jeJGka13CqqiBEFOe2Ndr+B03C3WIDihMzh6RwqexNA281l9oBFTfuLBBhaZ4ljBkFLYSMl6oAm5 8IFcdjofJ0z5jL0MqC/Yk1yW5UrGTwY0X0yxNwri3lQgjs+Qk/+zfddZTVuvrxO59CNCmoj3vCwj MfaUFOjRhrPHaN4Wv0VV5OYgm1p+LW1eAAAA//8DAFBLAwQUAAYACAAAACEARFuZUEYCAADUBAAA HwAAAGNsaXBib2FyZC9kcmF3aW5ncy9kcmF3aW5nMS54bWykVMtu2zAQvBfoPxC825Ji+SVEDgrZ ziVtAjj9AJaiLaJ8CCQtOyj6711SUiy7ObU6SMvlcnZ2uKv7h7MUqGHGcq1ynIxjjJiiuuTqkOPv r9vRAiPriCqJ0Irl+I1Z/LD6/OmeZAdD6opTBAjKZiTHlXN1FkWWVkwSO9Y1U7C310YSB0tziEpD ToAsRXQXx7NIEq7w6gK1Jo6go+H/ACU0/cnKgqiGWIAUNBt6Oo6C/j8yyVTzaOpd/WI8c/qteTGI lzkG5RSRIBGOuo0uDJbRzanDBeC8N9LH6/0enQPKm38HDHZ2iLZOevHS6vmDWFptPoiGxG0CMAZJ 6Vntap9VNYU3b2uZ9bXsnCH8UDlUaKUYddqgpCMHlQ/PepgnuASLlC4qog5sV5Gavb7VIEni6wEK wzNBkwGCBRbox+mrLuEAOTodOuNGnmWcLuZTjECNeTyN03h6rdR0PgEfXMW7Xu8KkKw21j0yLZE3 ciy4YiEHaZ6sawn2IUEbveVChIsQCp1yPJsAst+xWvDSb4aFb3dWCIMaInLszkmIEUcJpbS+JPZP yxT8/vpCbHABwTAxHiKIdIUuuWMGCS5zvBigVIyUG1UGco5w0doAJZTnBI0DJXVWO1G/lvFys9gs 0lF6N9uM0ni9Hn3ZFulotk3m0/VkXRTr5LennqRZxcuSKV9hP91J+tfoSE6NtnrvxlTLCPqXU9ZP OMx3El/mW/VSRtfooV4g238DaS9I6EgwukaNbuY5xHf/H//TGK5XfwAAAP//AwBQSwMEFAAGAAgA AAAhAOFRNx/PBgAA5hsAABoAAABjbGlwYm9hcmQvdGhlbWUvdGhlbWUxLnhtbOxZzW/cRBS/I/E/ jHxvs9/NRt1U2c1uA23aKNkW9Thrz9rTjD3WzGzSvaH2iISEKIgDlbhxQEClVuJS/ppAERSp/wJv ZmyvJ+uQtI2gguaQtZ9/877fm6/LV+7FDB0QISlPel79Ys1DJPF5QJOw590ajy6sekgqnASY8YT0 vDmR3pX199+7jNd8RtMJxyIYRyQmCBglcg33vEipdG1lRfpAxvIiT0kC36ZcxFjBqwhXAoEPQUDM Vhq1WmclxjTx1oGj0oyGDP4lSmqCz8SeZkNQgmOQfnM6pT4x2GC/rhFyLgdMoAPMeh7wDPjhmNxT HmJYKvjQ82rmz1tZv7yC17JBTJ0wtjRuZP6ycdmAYL9hZIpwUgitj1rdS5sFfwNgahk3HA4Hw3rB zwCw74OlVpcyz9Zotd7PeZZA9nGZ96DWrrVcfIl/c0nnbr/fb3czXSxTA7KPrSX8aq3T2mg4eAOy +PYSvtXfGAw6Dt6ALL6zhB9d6nZaLt6AIkaT/SW0DuholHEvIFPOtirhqwBfrWXwBQqyocguLWLK E3VSrsX4LhcjAGggw4omSM1TMsU+5OQAxxNBsRaA1wgufbEkXy6RtCwkfUFT1fM+THHilSAvn33/ 8tkTdHT/6dH9n44ePDi6/6Nl5IzawklYHvXi28/+fPQx+uPJNy8eflGNl2X8rz988svPn1cDoXwW 5j3/8vFvTx8//+rT3797WAHfEHhSho9pTCS6QQ7RLo/BMOMVV3MyEa82YhxhWh6xkYQSJ1hLqeA/ VJGDvjHHLIuOo0efuB68LaB9VAGvzu46Cu9FYqZoheRrUewAtzlnfS4qvXBNyyq5eTxLwmrhYlbG 7WJ8UCV7gBMnvsNZCn0zT0vH8EFEHDV3GE4UDklCFNLf+D4hFdbdodTx6zb1BZd8qtAdivqYVrpk TCdONi0GbdEY4jKvshni7fhm+zbqc1Zl9SY5cJFQFZhVKD8mzHHjVTxTOK5iOcYxKzv8OlZRlZJ7 c+GXcUOpINIhYRwNAyJl1ZibAuwtBf0aho5VGfZtNo9dpFB0v4rndcx5GbnJ9wcRjtMq7B5NojL2 A7kPKYrRDldV8G3uVoh+hzjg5MRw36bECffp3eAWDR2VFgmiv8yEjiW0aqcDxzT5u3bMKPRjmwPn 146hAT7/+lFFZr2tjXgD5qSqStg61n5Pwh1vugMuAvr299xNPEt2CKT58sTzruW+a7nef77lnlTP Z220i94KbVevG+yi2CyR4xNXyFPK2J6aM3JdmkWyhHkiGAFRjzM7QVLsmNIIHrO+7uBCgc0YJLj6 iKpoL8IpLLDrnmYSyox1KFHKJWzsDLmSt8bDIl3ZbWFbbxhsP5BYbfPAkpuanO8LCjZmtgnN5jMX 1NQMziqseSljCma/jrC6VurM0upGNdPqHGmFyRDDZdOAWHgTFiAIli3g5Q7sxbVo2JhgRgLtdzv3 5mExUTjPEMkIBySLkbZ7OUZ1E6Q8V8xJAORORYz0Ju8Ur5WkdTXbN5B2liCVxbVOEJdH702ilGfw Ikq6bo+VI0vKxckSdNjzuu1G20M+TnveFPa08BinEHWp13yYhXAa5Cth0/7UYjZVvohmNzfMLYI6 HFNYvy8Z7PSBVEi1iWVkU8N8ylKAJVqS1b/RBreelwE2019Di+YqJMO/pgX40Q0tmU6Jr8rBLlG0 7+xr1kr5TBGxFwWHaMJmYhdD+HWqgj0BlXA0YTqCfoFzNO1t88ltzlnRlU+vDM7SMUsjnLVbXaJ5 JVu4qeNCB/NWUg9sq9TdGPfqppiSPydTymn8PzNFzydwUtAMdAR8OJQVGOl67XlcqIhDF0oj6o8E LBxM74BsgbNY+AxJBSfI5leQA/1ra87yMGUNGz61S0MkKMxHKhKE7EBbMtl3CrN6NndZlixjZDKq pK5MrdoTckDYWPfAjp7bPRRBqptukrUBgzuef+57VkGTUC9yyvXm9JBi7rU18E+vfGwxg1FuHzYL mtz/hYoVs6odb4bnc2/ZEP1hscxq5VUBwkpTQTcr+9dU4RWnWtuxlixutHPlIIrLFgOxWBClcN6D 9D+Y/6jwmb1t0BPqmO9Cb0Vw0aCZQdpAVl+wCw+kG6QlTmDhZIk2mTQr69ps6aS9lk/W57zSLeQe c7bW7CzxfkVnF4szV5xTi+fp7MzDjq8t7URXQ2SPlyiQpvlGxgSm6tZpG6doEtZ7Htz8QKDvwRPc HXlAa2haQ9PgCS6EYLFkb3F6XvaQU+C7pRSYZk5p5phWTmnllHZOgcVZdl+SUzrQqfQVB1yx6R8P 5bcZsILLbj/ypupcza3/BQAA//8DAFBLAwQUAAYACAAAACEAnGZGQbsAAAAkAQAAKgAAAGNsaXBi b2FyZC9kcmF3aW5ncy9fcmVscy9kcmF3aW5nMS54bWwucmVsc4SPzQrCMBCE74LvEPZu0noQkSa9 iNCr1AcIyTYtNj8kUezbG+hFQfCyMLPsN7NN+7IzeWJMk3ccaloBQae8npzhcOsvuyOQlKXTcvYO OSyYoBXbTXPFWeZylMYpJFIoLnEYcw4nxpIa0cpEfUBXNoOPVuYio2FBqrs0yPZVdWDxkwHii0k6 zSF2ugbSL6Ek/2f7YZgUnr16WHT5RwTLpRcWoIwGMwdKV2edNS1dgYmGff0m3gAAAP//AwBQSwEC LQAUAAYACAAAACEAu+VIlAUBAAAeAgAAEwAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAW0NvbnRlbnRfVHlwZXNd LnhtbFBLAQItABQABgAIAAAAIQCtMD/xwQAAADIBAAALAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAADYBAABfcmVscy8u cmVsc1BLAQItABQABgAIAAAAIQBEW5lQRgIAANQEAAAfAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACACAABjbGlwYm9h cmQvZHJhd2luZ3MvZHJhd2luZzEueG1sUEsBAi0AFAAGAAgAAAAhAOFRNx/PBgAA5hsAABoAAAAA AAAAAAAAAAAAowQAAGNsaXBib2FyZC90aGVtZS90aGVtZTEueG1sUEsBAi0AFAAGAAgAAAAhAJxm RkG7AAAAJAEAACoAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAqgsAAGNsaXBib2FyZC9kcmF3aW5ncy9fcmVscy9kcmF3 aW5nMS54bWwucmVsc1BLBQYAAAAABQAFAGcBAACtDAAAAAA= " strokecolor="black [3213]" strokeweight=".5pt"> <v:stroke joinstyle="miter"> </v:stroke></v:line><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size:11.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt">This paper examines an alternative approach that would lead to a more effective solution for managing herdsmen and farmers’ conflict in Benue State, north-central Nigeria. The approach employed was the qualitative approach to data analysis. Findings from the analysis show that the conventional approaches to managing conflicts have proven to be ineffective contrary to expectation. It is the obvious failure of the conventional methods of conflict resolution that informed our choice of an alternative strategy called the strategic conflicts management option.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">&nbsp; </span>This option consists of mapping out external strategies and building the internal competence of the actors involved in conflict management; this also includes building the capacities of the parties who are primarily engaged in conflict. The study concludes that the strategic option proposed for conflict resolution would produce a better outcome than the conventional methods which have been found to be ineffective. <s><o:p></o:p></s></span></p>

Keywords

Key words: conflict, management, strategic, mapping, capacity building, capability, competence
c/o Department of Public Administration and Local Government,
University of Nigeria,
Nsukka.
234(0)803 878 1661

Back to top

© 2020 Public Administration and Local Government(PALG)